Category Archives: Education Research

PRACTICAL GUIDES TO PROJECT WRITING FOR STUDENTS IN POLYTECHNICS, COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

                               

More often than not, authors in this subject tend to be quite
sophisticated in their treatment of the various issues involved. The term research, which most authors used in their writings on this subject matter appears advanced and difficult, if not ambiguous, to many students in our tertiary institutions today.

Yet, every prospective graduate in our universities, polytechnics and
colleges of education has an obligation towards project writing as one of the key requirements for the award of certificates. This is against the odd of the unfortunate reality of very weak academic background of such students from the secondary school. Such a weak background probably accounted for the huge tendency, among prospective graduates in tertiary institutions, having preference for copious and unscrupulous duplication of other people’s project works from libraries.
This unfortunate practice has become so prevalent among all categories of students to such an extent that stakeholders in the educational development of Nigeria cannot continue to ignore. This book, therefore, intends to treat the subject of project writing from not just a practical perspective, which had already been done by several books in this area, but more importantly to present it from a rudimentary approach, seeking a basic understanding of the necessary skills required for its successful completion.

It is the belief of this author that the very advanced nature of
presentation adopted by most research methodology writers has helped to discourage many students from seeking a genuine understanding of this easy subject matter. Situations whereby the supervisor himself is hardly experienced enough in this skill further compound this problem. Being an old student of research methodology; both theoretically and practically and coupled with long experience of serving in research-related committees in both the university and the polytechnic systems for over a decade now, this author has come to the conclusion that basic approach to
project writing would be the much long awaited antidotes to this seemingly intractable cankerworm. Hence, the desirability and ample justification for this text.

PRACTICAL GUIDES TO PROJECT WRITING

EFFECTS OF OVERPOPULATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF IMO STATE.

                                    ABSTRACT
The study aimed at establishing the effects of overpopulation on the academic performance of government secondary schools. It is designed to identify the factors that contribute to the increase in students’ population, find out the students – teacher ratio in government secondary schools and also the impact of the increase on the academic performance of students. A descriptive survey design was used, while the population of the study consists of government owned secondary schools in Owerri educational zone. A simple random sampling technique was used to select the four (4) schools out of the nine (9) schools in the zone. The four secondary schools selected have a total population of five thousand five hundred and thirty (5530) students and eighty (80) teachers. The sample size consists of five hundred and fifty four (554) students and eight (8) teachers. Data were represented in a tabular form. A closed format questionnaire with four points likert rating scale was used for data collection, and the mean score were used in analyzing the responses of the research questions. As a result of this research work it was found out that the students – teacher ratio in government secondary schools is between 55 – 60 students per teacher. Some recommendations were made, which include that the ministry of education should give quota on the students enrollment in government secondary schools in order to reduce the number of students per teacher, and infrastructural facilities should be provided to the schools in rural areas in order to avoid students’ migration to the urban areas.

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